Parties need funds to both develop and promote their platforms, and then convince the electorate to vote for them. Where does the money come from?
The Political Process Financing Act (PPFA) provides for the partial funding (from tax revenues) of registered political parties in New Brunswick and also specifies how individuals, corporations and unions may also contribute funds to political parties. Provincial financing of political parties was originally based on a $1 per vote formula (indexed to inflation; e.g. the amount per vote allotted in 1981 was $1.30). However, in 1991, the formula was changed and currently allocations are capped according to amounts set in the provincial budget. A revised formula is used to calculate funds for each party (based both on the proportion of votes received in the previous election and the available budgetary allocations). These amounts are paid out in quarterly installments, but note that, while allocations are determined by fiscal year, parties report their financial information by calendar year. The Act also regulates how parties may raise other funds, from individuals, corporations, or unions. A contributor may not donate more than $6000 per year.
Charts below show trends in funding sources over a four-year period, 2009-2012. Data were obtained from annual and semi-annual financial returns (filed by parties as required under the Act) provided by Elections New Brunswick. Reimbursements for auditing costs and ‘in-kind’ contributions are not included in the charts. It is unfortunate that Elections NB does not simply place these returns on their website, preferably in a searchable format. The reports also contain lists of individuals, corporations, and unions donations to a particular party. Contributions greater than $100 are subject to public disclosure. Although the data can be obtained simply by sending an email request to Elections NB, I am not sure that the non-searchable (electronically) PDFs they supply really meet the spirit of that ‘public disclosure’ criterion.
Parties have the option of filing audited returns on an annual or semi-annual schedule (calendar year basis). Most parties file annual audited returns, but the NBLA files audited semi-annual returns. NBLA totals shown below are the annual totals of the two semi-annual reports for each calendar year.
Annual allowances from provincial revenues under the PPFA totalled $506,506 in calendar year 2009 (divided among the three parties eligible) and $654,052 in 2012 (five parties eligible).
Charts contain the following acronyms:
PCNB – Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick; NBLA – New Brunswick Liberal Association; NBNDP – New Brunswick New Democratic Party; GPNB – Green Party of New Brunswick; PANB – Peoples’ Alliance of New Brunswick
PPFA – Political Process Financing Act – Election Financing Manual (funds received from government budget allocations in a given calendar year via the PPFA formula); IND – Individual donors (sum of donations of <$100 and >$100); CORP – Corporate donors; UNION – Union donors
The charts show contributions from each source category by calendar year and party. By hovering your mouse over each section of the bar, you can see the dollar amount (rounded to nearest dollar) for each source for that party and year.