Political Party Funding Update 2009-2013

In a previous post, I outlined the donations received by registered political parties in New Brunswick for the years 2009 – 2012.  Now that the 2013 data are available from Elections NB, I have included the recent numbers in a re-analysis for the years 2009 – 2013. This time around, I have prepared a separate chart for each party and you can get an estimate of the ebbs and flows of funding from each source.

In the charts below, each funding source has its own colour:

BLUE:  Political Process Financing Act – Election Financing Manual (funds received from government budget allocations in a given calendar year via the PPFA formula);

ORANGE:  IND – Individual donors (sum of donations of those contributing $100 or less plus those named donors contributing more than $100);

GREY:  CORP – Corporate donors;

YELLOW:  UNION – Union donors.

The vertical axis shows the donation amount from each source (as well as the total). Axis values must be multiplied by 1000 to give the actual amount. Note that the scale of the vertical axis is different for each party.

The funding pattern shows an upswing in donations during the year prior to the election and in the election year itself. Following the election, there seems to be a drop-off in donations until the next election campaign starts to roll in earnest.

During the last election year (2010), the Progressive Conservatives raised just over $2 million. You can see that about half of that came from corporate donors (the actual donors are listed in the Annual Financial Return which you can obtain from Elections NB).  Throughout the 2009-2013 period, the Progressive Conservatives were less reliant on PPFA funding than the rival Liberals, or any other party. The lack of an uptick in funding in 2013 must be of some concern.

pcnb2013

The Liberal Party clearly had a great deal of corporate support while it was in power, but, once in opposition, those contributions declined rapidly. It is not surprising that corporate donors might want to support the party in power, or the party most likely to take power in the upcoming election. In the Liberals’ case post 2010, that decline in corporate support was perhaps not just a function of being out of power, but also might reflect the unpopularity of the last Liberal administration. Now, the polls suggest that the Liberals have gained in popularity at the expense of the Alward government. That perhaps explains the gain in donations over the past year, although they still trail the Progressive Conservatives in fundraising by a significant amount.

libnb2013

NDP fundraising also fell after the 2010 election, but rebounded fairly quickly. The numbers from 2013, however, show a slight decline over 2012. That is somewhat of a surprise given that Mr. Cardy, the NDP leader, has received a fair bit of positive press over the last year.

ndpnb2013

 The Green Party, on the other hand, seems to be on a roll. Although the total amount of funding is low compared to the three parties above, they have made significant gains each year. 

greenpnb2013

The PANB also has seen a gain in funding, although they trail the Green Party in total funds received by a substantial amount. The names of individual donors listed in the Annual Financial Return suggests that there is a reliance on a small group of supporters for funds. The PANB is the most reliant of all parties on funding from the government PPFA source, which some might find a bit ironic given some elements in their platform.

panb2013

 Of course, funding is one thing, votes are another. Funding is just one indicator of a political party’s support with the electorate. Unfortunately, parties are only required to file reports on an annual basis, and the 2014 Financial Returns are not due until March 2015.  However, the Liberals have tended to provide audited Returns on a semi-annual basis. If they do so in 2014, then we might have a better idea of their fundraising success by late summer, well in advance of the election. That might tell us something about Liberal (and, by inference, Progressive Conservative) popularity with the electorate.

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